1. Cancer is not a single disease
One reason why it is so difficult to treat cancer is because cancer is not a single disease. Cancer itself is a collection of various disease disorders that are incorporated into one.
There are at least 200 diseases that appear as cancer. For example, lung cancer, prostate cancer, breast cancer, brain cancer, and others. Each type of cancer has risk factors, symptoms, location of the affected core organ, and different ways of dealing with it.
So, it’s almost impossible to generalize every case of cancer. You need to learn the characteristics of each type of cancer one by one to adjust the type of treatment that will be done.
2. The onset of the appearance of cancer cells is too complex and complicated
Cancer starts from healthy cells in the body. However, for one reason or another, these cells can then change (mutate) into cancer cells.
This process is also called carcinogenesis, which is the process of changing healthy cells into cancer cells. This process is quite complicated because there are no simple triggers that can explain how changes to healthy cells become cancerous cells can occur.
This is also because the body has thousands of different genes, while cancer arises due to gene mutations which then cause the expression changes of hundreds of these genes. Thus, the onset of carcinogenesis cannot be solved or prevented.
3. Cancer is produced by the body’s own cells
Unlike diseases caused by infection, cancer is caused by the patient’s own body whose cells mutate into cancer cells.
Treatment for each type of cancer is often focused on ways to destroy cancer cells. But in the process, this method can also potentially cause losses. For example, chemotherapy can kill cancer cells and simultaneously cause hair loss.
This is because the immune system cannot distinguish between normal cancer cells and cells because they are both in the body. Therefore, until now a new breakthrough is being made to fight cancer by utilizing the immune system.
4. There are no viruses or bacteria that are targeted
The workings of treatment for each disease are focused on how to deal with the root causes of the disease. For example, if you have a bacterial infection, the treatment is using antibiotics to kill the bacteria.
Another case with cancer. Because cancer cells are not easily destroyed and there are no targets for bacteria or viruses, it is very difficult to find the right treatment to get rid of this disease completely.
5. The treatment that each person undergoes varies
There are a variety of different types of cancer treatments, ranging from radiation therapy, chemotherapy, surgery, immunotherapy, and stem cell therapy. However, this treatment has different levels of effectiveness and tolerance levels. This depends on how the patient’s body response itself.
Don’t worry, there is still hope for healing cancer
Until now, various treatments have been deployed to kill cancer cells, such as chemotherapy, surgery, radiation, and immunotherapy. You can specify these various choices by consulting a doctor to get the best way for the type of cancer that is experienced.
You can also do a number of things that can help protect yourself from cancer. For example, consuming antioxidants to ward off free radicals, using sunscreen to reduce the effects of UV light on the skin, and maintain a healthy lifestyle.
In addition, you should do cancer detection early. The sooner you can start a new cancer treatment, the more likely you are to heal and extend your life expectancy.