The region where I live (Sardinia in Italy) is a paradise for mushroom pickers and for those who, in general, is interested in mycology. In fact there are many species of mushroom that you can be found. I show you a few species that is very easy to meet strolling among our woods.
Let’s start with a beautiful mushroom, just to look and take pictures as it is not edible: the “Amanita muscaria .
“Amanita muscaria” is a very nice mushroom! The fungus that is encountered in the stories of the gnomes, it is also the mushroom Alice in Wonderland . There are several varieties in which the color of cap is more or less red or orange.
This mushroom of discrete dimensions is unmistakable because of its red hair with white wigs and white blades.
It is often found in the company of other specimens and in the wood you see from afar ….
Although classified as poisonous, reports of human deaths resulting from its ingestion are extremely rare. After long and special treatments in the kitchen in some countries the mushroom is eaten . But, in my opinion, much better not eat. The Amanita muscaria is also known for its psychotropic qualities .
This is photographed in Sardinia (Italy) under a forest of eucalyptus.
The scarlet red color and the presence of the characteristic decorations in the cap make it a truly unique mushroom and, I must say, also very beautiful to photograph. In this Amanita muscaria the main morphological elements typical of the Amanita genus are always well visible and visible: the veil, the volva, the striation on the edges of the cap, the shape of the cap with the ornamentations. The hymenophore (ie the lower part of the cat) has both lamellae and the smallest white intermediate gill. The ring that is observed at the top of the stem is very showy and persistent. Its dirty is white.
From a microscopic point of view, the Amanita muscaria has spores that appear to be white in mass. The spores are elliptic and smooth and not amyloid with dimensions of 9.5/10.5 X 6/9 microns
The varieties that can be found in my region are Amanita Muscaria var.formosa the Amanita muscaria var. aureola, and Amanita Heterocroma.
The Amanita Muscaria var.formosa has a general veil of yellow color and yellow is the color that is also present in the marginal part of the cap together with the characteristic bright red. Its dimensions are comparable to that of the main species and the white stem is smooth and devoid of particular ornamentations.
It is a typically Mediterranean variety and grows predominantly in the presence of cistus.
In my region has also been identified a variant of Amanita Muscaria very particular by the characteristic yellow color of the cap that some authors considered to classify as a real new species called the Amanita heterochroma.
This mushroom has been found under eucalyptus plants and its hat’s yellow color makes it very unique.
I can not say if there are other stations of this mushroom, in case let me know!
I was lucky enough to photograph it a few years ago in its growth station, but unfortunately I did not find it anymore.
The mushrooms are like that.
I Use Nikon D 3200.
My post also on Steemit.
RENATO BROTZU, SALVATORE COLOMO, I funghi della Sardegna, vol.1, Editrice Archivio fotografico sardo, 2009
Luigi Arras, Funghi in Sardegna, Editrice Ilisso,