Have you heard the word? “one thing changes, everything changes” . This is one of the words that best describes the Butterfly Effect. To summarize; everything in life is connected to each other. The slightest change can lead to big changes in something that seems irrelevant. That’s the butterfly effect!
The small changes in the initial data of a system are unpredictable and can result in large results. In fact, this effect can increase as an avalanche. The butterfly effect is an inference of one of the works of Edward N. Lorenz, the chaos theory. .
A butterfly’s wing flapping in the Amazon Forest can cause a storm in the United States, said Lorenz in a 1972 presentation. In other words, a butterfly can flap its wings and create a whirlwind that can circulate half of the world. This led to the example being called butterfly effect. Of course, this fact has not been proved until today. Therefore, it is possible to say that this example remains only in theory. The term butterfly effect is often used as an example where a small effect may cause large chaos.
Lorenz found the Butterfly effect in 1963 when he was making a weather calculation. Lorenz first considered the number 0.506127 as the starting number of the event. In the next calculation, he assumed the number of 0,506 as the beginning. The difference in a ratio of one-thousandth between the two numbers represents the same probability as the wind generated by a butterfly’s wing flap. Despite this difference, the value used in the second calculation during the process causes a very different situation when the result is reached. Briefly; Even though the numbers are close to each other, the results can be very different. Lorenz called this situation chaos theory. Chaos theory is used to describe the growth of a chaos.
It is also known as Chaos Theory or Confusion Theory. It is a theory that the irregularities in the universe are actually regular. It is not a structural physics theory or a mathematical induction. It is a method of explaining the tendency of physical reality pieces as a whole.
For example: the shape of a cloud is irregular. It moves completely randomly. A theoretical physicist argues that this dynamic of cloud is actually determined by many parameters and factors in the environment. However, the inputs and parameters are so numerous that it is almost impossible to make a clear statement about this. The main reason why inputs are so variable is that these inputs are output at the same time. If the cloud returns to the sample; a slight air flow is caused by the movement of cloud. However, the air flow is actually a
movement caused by a temperature change and pressure difference elsewhere in the air. It is called chaos theory that a large number of inputs continuously change, create physical changes and different orders, and that these new schemes affect itself again. The important point here is; all these processes cannot be predicted by observations and scientific predictions. Therefore, this situation is described as chaos. However, scientists dominate the physical laws and mathematical explanations that cause all these changes. In other words, it is possible to say that order and chaos are related to each other. But no matter how simple the physical laws are, the result can be too complex or coincidental.
One of the most important changes brought by chaos theory is unpredictable determinism. Determinism is a point of view that the universe works as an established clock, that events can be seen beforehand, that all things can be calculated. Chaos theory serves determinism, thinking that there are predictable causes of irregularities. Even if the structure of the system is very well modeled, the slightest error can lead to completely different results. This is called sensitivity to initial conditions Bu. Due to this feature, although the system works as a causal factor, long-term accurate estimates can’t be made.
Irregularity is a very complex concept. All of the events that do not fit any template and cannot be solved by mathematical operations are irregular. However, events, in other words, cases can be plotted. When we chart irregular events in the universe, there appear to be seemingly meaningless figures. Chaos theory argues that such irregular events have mathematical functions by using a condition of precision attachment and uncertainty theory together.
The main propositions of chaos theory are: The layout causes irregularity. It cannot be called chaos. It is impossible to get out of order. There is also an order in the disorder. The order is composed of irregularities. In the new order, there is a commitment to reconciliation in a very short time after the change. The new order develops in an unpredictable direction through a self-organized process.
Who is Edward Norton Lorenz?
He was born in the United States on 23 May1917, is a worldwide known mathematician and meterologist. He just died 10 years ago on 22 April 2008 due to cancer. After completing his secondary education at Darmouth College, Lorenz studied mathematics at Harvard University. Lorenz, who served as an air worker for US air pilots during World War II, got his meteorology lessons after his return from the war. He worked as a meteorologist at MIT. In 1963, he realized that even the slightest changes in the initial data of a system could have big and unpredictable results. In a study presented in 1972, he said that a butterfly’s flapping of wings in the Amazon jungle could cause a storm break in Europe to illustrate this situation. Lorenz, who discovered that only 3 variables and a chaos environment could emerge, proved that a very complex dynamic could occur in a very simple system. Lorenz’s discovery has led to the emergence of a new field of research in mathematics, biology, physics and social sciences