The inventor of the world wide web, Tim Berners-Lee is terrified by the way the internet has developed from a utopia where everyone has access to unlimited data, to a dystopia where individuals are sucked up by a few data slurping molochs that monetise whatever you do, wherever you are.

By Sir Tim Berners-Lee
I’ve always believed the web is for everyone. That’s why I and others fight fiercely to protect it. The changes we’ve managed to bring have created a better and more connected world. But for all the good we’ve achieved, the web has evolved into an engine of inequity and division; swayed by powerful forces who use it for their own agendas.
Today, I believe we’ve reached a critical tipping point, and that powerful change for the better is possible – and necessary.

Rather then standing by the sideline to watch his brainchild going down the tubes, he is actively trying to repair and change the way web applications work in a project called SOLID (SOcial LInked Data). The main feature will be that users are the true owner of the data they generate when interacting with the internet, plus a substantially improved privacy. The open source project is hosted by MIT and a string of universities, but it attracts hundreds of developers from all over the world.

Imagine a sort of personal data vault that contains all your social data, browser history, GPS tracker data, fitness app data, photo albums etc etc. You decide where the vault is stored and you are free to move it anytime. The content is decoupled from web applications and you get to decide which part of your data you will gave access to , to whom and to what extend this can be used. No need to fill in personal data again and again, just give a one-time permission to get it from your vault. It will also prevent vendor lock-in situations as you can migrate your data easily when you switch apps.

This in contrast to a few big players owning all the data and often using it in ways that only helps their bottom line, leaving the user clueless how their content and personalised data is sold over and over again. Of course, the major players will oppose and obstruct the Solid technology as it is threatening their business model, but there is growing awareness in the general public that something is terribly wrong with Facebook and similar monopolies. It will not be long before some really big stink will make people turn away, close their accounts and realise what privacy is actually worth. Let’s hope Solid has passed some big technical hurdles by that time and is ready for mass adoption; i.e. the user experience should be just as simple and pleasant to use as todays most favourite apps in order to provide an alternative. By that time, website apps that are prepared for Solid will see fast growing user bases.

It’s not (yet?) mentioned on the Solid website, but a distributed storage of the vault would add to the security, just as all permissions you hand out should be made immutable on a blockchain. There are a few companies active in this realm of private data and no doubt they will cater to the new Solid protocols.

Don’t expect completion in a year, this is a long term project. Trying to fix 30 years internet development is not done overnight. But already you can register a Solid Pod (Personal Online Data Store) or run a Solid Node Server on Linux (nerds only at this stage) to get a feeling of the direction the project is taking. Or at least register for the Solid mailing list to keep you posted.

A new startup Inrupt is building a commercial ecosystem based on Solid technology, allowing App developers to ride this new wave of innovation. I find it a fascinating development as the world really needs to return to an internet governed by open, community-controlled services. Links below will give you more details when you are interested.


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  1. CryptosDecrypted

    Tim Berners-Lee is clearly not one to rest on his laurels. As you note, this is a very longterm project but one worth being aware of and supporting. Signed up for email updates and followed on Twitter and LinkedIn. As usual, a very useful post-Peter. Thanks!

  2. Jungle Onion

    This is nice. I heard that Tim also invested in this social media called Minds. I’ve been using it for some time and it’s a pretty awesome competitor for Facebook and Twitter. They also have a blogging section. Check it out if you haven’t.

  3. Infosion

    That’s very interesting!
    Think this sounds great in theory but has also creates some bigger scale problem compared to now. If people don’t handle their access to their data better they may even then be able on some (wrong) occasions to give even more permissions (with this “bundled” data sets) to the wrong people …
    But don’t wanna be too negative about it. Securing the private data and the access of it is obviously a very important problem which will get more and more important over time. And this really sounds like a move in the right direction regarding this.

    1. peter S Post author

      @infosion, I agree is has downsides too and permissions need to be handed out carefully, but there can be warnings build in, or the requester can only demand a subset of data. The main point is it is the individuals responsibility whereas now, most people are handing over all their private data and they do not realize this.

      1. Infosion

        Okay, I can see there are probably ways to protect yourselve even better by using this!
        And I agree, the most important for most people nowadays is understanding it first before they can really think about doing it better.

    1. peter S Post author

      @niramiai you are right, I hope there will be a sort of universal standard where all competitors can hook into. Of course there should be healthy competition in the POD development / providers and I’m sure there will be. Thanks for voting

  4. James Diegel

    As a child growing up in small town North America, our doors were almost always unlocked. Often times we would come home and family or friends had a pot of coffee on waiting for my parents. It took a long time but now even in that neighborhood, now the doors are always locked. When I first got on social media a few years back I went in with the same trust I had as a child in our community. Unfortunately now, just as in my hometown, I can no longer go about my day leaving my valuables unchained. It may take a long time to fix, and it has been a while coming, but I think that projects like this are necessary to ensure that we remain in control of our privacy and what we choose to reveal to the world. That said, nice overview Peter, much appreciated 🙂

  5. Julia Williams

    Dear friend/sir for me it’s a complete solution of my own personal business what I want to do or share is in total my control.
    Completely awesome idea.
    Thank you for bringing this to us.
    Five star rating for me to this article.
    With love and respect ✊

    1. peter S Post author

      @Conceptskip I’m sure there will be loads of companies especially in the blockchain world who will be offering such services. Only a small part of users would prefer storage on a private server. But who knows, a VPS may be cheap and for everyone in a couple of years, w/o people knowing that they in fact have a VPS.