Do you want to switch from slow, expensive and complicated Windows system to the fast, free and simple Linux distro? No problem. I have Linux on all my devices, and I am extremely satisfied with the performance.
First, make sure to know what does your device runs on – 32 bit or 64 bit. Mostly all the older devices run on 32 bit. You need to know this to download the appropriate distro.
You will find this detail by going to the Control Panel, System info. You will see it clearly written there.
The most popular Linux distro is [Ubuntu](https://www.ubuntu.com/), but I would advise you against installing it on the 32-bit slow computer.
You will be better off with [Lubuntu](https://lubuntu.net/), which has similar commands ( in Terminal) and call for programs, but it is slimmer and faster, and it has an interface that resembles the Windows, so it will be a more familiar environment for you.
Ubuntu vs Lubuntu desktops are different and the second resembles to a Windows desktop.
Preparation – save your document, bookmarks, passwords…
Save all your documents from Widows computer ONLINE. Don’t keep your files on another partition because Linux uses the entire Hard disk in default (simple) installation, and sometimes the old partitions/disks are not compatible with Linux installation.
For example, in my case, all partitions on Storage Disk mounts just fine, but one has to be a problem. That one calls an error.
Save your other things from an old computer too, including browser bookmarks ( saving them in Pocket helps a lot), or simply upload the whole bookmark file into the Firefox.
I use the Pocket much often than the bookmarks on my browser, because aside it offers a smooth reading experience ( text-only mode) it also organizes my bookmarks much faster and more convenient than any other application.
Bookmark extension for Firefox/Chrome is lightweight and do its job perfectly.
“Pocket, previously known as Read It Later, is an application and web service for managing a reading list of articles from the Internet. It is available for macOS, Windows, iOS, Android, Windows Phone, BlackBerry, Kobo eReaders, and web browsers.” ~ Wikipedia
Do the same with the passwords. Linux distros have the Firefox pre-installed and the only thing you need to do is to sync your Firefox account in the future new Linux to get all things back.
If you have all things stored in the Google Chrome, take notice that the Chrome installation may and may not work in Ubuntu/ Lubuntu ( definitely depending on hardware-software match).
If nothing else, simply install Chrome on your smartphone, sync everything and call for a desktop website when you need to check up your saved password.
Creating bootable USB flash drive ( or CD)
Now to install Linux, you will need either to create a bootable CD or bootable USB flash drive.
You will need to download ISO image file of the Linux distro.
For your own safety, if you have only one PC it is the best to make two versions of the Linux install on two bootable CDs/ USBs so in the case that one doesn’t work, then another ( lightweight will)…
That’s why I suggested you Lubuntu, that one is really easy to set up and usually works like a charm.
After you have your ISO images, prepare either CD or Flash disk and record it with the Rufus or any other ISO image creation tool.
Change BIOS boot priority device
Sometimes PC will refuse to boot from the USB/CD so you will need to enter BIOS to change it.
When your PC boots up, see what button on the keyboard you have to click to enter Setup.
Use left-right arrows to go to the BOOT tab and change boot priority and boot devices. Make your Flash or CD drive ( where ever you have bootable medium waiting) a primary bootable device.
After installation is done and you plug out the flash drive ( or remove cd), your PC will load the system instead nonexistent flash drive.
Off we fly….
Now, a program will ask you all sort of questions, language, what installation you want, password ( notice, you will need this one to log into your PC or laptop, so write it down!!) etc…
For Ubuntu/Lubuntu installation you can follow their official instructions.
If your device is a kind of old, you should leave the installation of the additional drivers ( mp3 etc) for later.
Linux will pull all of it after your PC restarts, so you don’t need to worry about anything.
You will also notice that the Linux installation doesn’t require a graphics card disc or any sort of a driver disk, which you had before in Windows.
That’s because an installation pulls everything from the Internet.
At one point you will go online and all your drivers and utilities will be automatically installed.
When the installation completes, restart your device and remove USB/CD.
If it stops for some reason way too long , just restart it again.
Linux in average works fast, but it needs some time to start, so give it a few minutes to load.
New Linux desktop and programs
When it starts it will ask you for a password and you will see that there are many useful programs already pre- installed.
If you want more programs you will have to find it through the Main menu – System Tools – Software ( it has an app shop similar like the Android) or you will have to download programs separately manually or more conveniently from the Terminal.
Go to the Main menu – System Tools – and find something with the name Terminal ( or LXTerminal) and you will get a notepad looking app from where you are able to send commands and install whatever you want.
I will give you more apps for Linux in my next Linux tutorial.