Even today, many people continue to give the swastika the meaning that the Nazi empire attributed to it, by making it the main motive and center of their flag.
However, its meaning is positive and goes back thousands of years before Adolf Hitler thought of turning it forty-five degrees and including it in the flag of his government.
The two types of swastika are basically differentiated by the side to which their upper arm points: the dextrorotatory is usually used more by the Hindus and the levorotatory by the Buddhists.
There is a Western myth in which it was mistakenly believed that the dextrorotatory swastika was a symbol of good luck and that the levorotatory swastika implied an ominous omen.
In general terms, it is a symbol of good luck, happiness, success, health, prosperity, fortune and well-being.
For the Hindus it has direct relation with the four objectives in the life of the men mentioned in the Dharma Sastra: Dharma or religious duty, Artha or wealth that allows to reach the pleasure, Kama or the pleasure itself same and Moksha or liberation from the reincarnation cycle.
For Buddhists it simply means the whole or eternity and is usually represented on the chest of some Buddha statues.
In some parts of China, swastikas are placed on products for vegetarians, destined for strict Buddhists. Also in this country, these symbols are woven on children’s clothes to protect them from evil spirits.
The Christians already used it in Roman times (time in which Christianity was persecuted) as a way to disguise the cross of Christ.
Hindus use it everywhere: from walls of houses and temples to the heading of envelopes or personal gifts.
The Nazis adopted the swastika as a symbol from 1920, although it was already being used by the German nationalist movements a few years before. They considered it a symbol of the struggle for the victory of Aryan supremacy.
The theory of German ancestry regarding the Aryan race comes from the first Aryans in India, who were the prototype of white invaders in which the Nazi theorists based the emblem as the main part of their flag.
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