Rheumatism or arthritis is an autoimmune disease that attacks the joints. The immune system produces antibodies that attach to the joint layer, so that immune cells attack the joints and cause inflammation, swelling and pain. People with rheumatism usually feel symptoms such as joints that are sore, stiff, and swollen, which can reduce their motion. If not treated, rheumatism can cause permanent joint damage gradually.
Lupus or systemic lupus erythematosus can occur when antibodies produced by the body attach to tissues throughout the body. Some tissues that are commonly affected by lupus are kidneys, lungs, blood cells, nerves, skin, and joints. People with lupus can experience symptoms, such as fever, weight loss, hair loss, fatigue, rash, pain or swelling in the joints and muscles, sensitive to sunlight, chest pain, headaches, and seizures.
Psoriasis is a disease caused by the growth of new skin cells that are so fast that they accumulate on the surface of the skin. This disease causes the skin to become reddish, thicker, scaly, and look like white-silver patches. In addition, it can also cause itching and pain in the skin.
4. Inflammatory bowel disease
The immune system that attacks the intestinal lining is called inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), because it can cause chronic inflammation in the digestive tract. This disease can appear with symptoms of diarrhea, rectal bleeding, urgent bowel movements, abdominal pain, fever, weight loss, and fatigue.
Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis are the most common forms of intestinal inflammation. Symptoms of Crohn’s disease are accompanied by oral ulcers, while symptoms of ulcerative colitis are often accompanied by difficulty defecating.
5. Type 1 diabetes mellitus
This disease is caused by immune system antibodies that attack and destroy insulin-producing cells (hormones needed to control blood sugar levels) in the pancreas. As a result, the body cannot produce insulin, so your blood sugar levels become high. This blood sugar that is too high can then affect your vision, kidneys, nerves and gums. Patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus need regular insulin injections to control the disease so that it doesn’t get worse.
6. Multiple sclerosis
Multiple sclerosis or dual sclerosis is an autoimmune disease that attacks the protective layer around the nerve. This can cause damage that affects the brain and spinal cord. People with multiple sclerosis can show symptoms, such as blindness, poor coordination, paralysis, muscle tension, numbness, and weakness. Symptoms can vary because the location and level of attacks vary between individuals.