UNESCO in 2013 included the Mediterranean diet on the Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity

The Mediterranean diet is in fact considered an intangible asset that, in the countries of Cyprus, Croatia, Spain, Greece, Italy, Morocco and Portugal has brought together skills, rituals, ways of cultivation, fishing, breeding, preparation and conservation of foods that represent a true sustainable and healthy lifestyle.

We can affirm that the Mediterranean diet represents a fundamental element of the cultural identity of these peoples.

In the ’50s the American scientist Ancel Keys, who lived for many years in Italy, related the welfare of a detemone population with the type of food followed.

The food model studied by the American scientist was that followed in Italy or in the island of Crete. A healthy, differentiated and balanced diet, based on bread, pasta, fruit, vegetables, legumes, wine, cereals, extra-virgin olive oil, fish (mostly blue) and with a reduced consumption of meat (white), according to the Keys’ study was crucial to the well-being of those people. Thus the term “Mediterranean Diet” is born a balanced and diversified diet that mainly uses foods of vegetable origin that are prepared according to the methods that are handed down over time.

The Mediterranean diet has been established, plays a fundamental role in the reduction of cardiovascular and gastrointestinal disorders, and in those of chronic degenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s or Alzheimer’s disease.

The Mediterranean diet uses a scheme known as the Food Pyramid where the foods to be consumed is defined and how often they are weekly.

Some foods must be present in our diet every day: seasonal fruits and vegetables, olive oil, cheese, milk, and yogurt but also pasta, rice, bread, cereals and potatoes.

Some foods, however, such as fish, eggs and white meat, must be consumed less frequently, maximum twice a week. Red meat and desserts are instead foods to eat yet memo.

Naturally, the healthy physical activity must not be lacking in order to obtain lasting and important benefits.

Thanks !

Photos:  source Pixabay

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  1. TRUTH(@i-am)

    Unfortunately, popular media never reports all the facts.

    At the end of WW2, this area of the Mediterranean was extremely poor. Their diet consisted mainly of vegetables that were grow on or around their homes. They had little in the way of transportation and WALKED kilometers and kilometers every day. They could not afford much wine nor large amounts of Olive Oil. The BIGGEST factor that made their OLD DIET (not the one reported in popular media as the Mediterranean Diet) was just those facts, LOTS OF EXERCISE and UNPROCESSED FOOD grown at home (and of course Seafood).

    Here are 2 Dr’s explaining some of the realities not commonly considered:

    In FACT, the ONLY diet that has been shown to increase LIFE EXPECTANCY is a “STARVATION DIET”. That means one gets very few calories of a HIGH NUTRIENT DENSITY (exactly the opposite of Olive Oil and Wine). And this STARVATION DIET has been shown effective in EVERY SPECIES of Animal it was ever tested on. And is the ONLY ONE that does so.

    Unfortunately the Wine Industry and the Olive Oil Industry have utilized the Data to falsely promote their products to the world. SHAME on CORPORATIONS !!!!

    1. Smitty

      That’s the truth, Truth! Michael Greger’s book “How not to die” is our bible. Whole food, plant based is THE way to eat that promotes scientifically proven, healthiest way to maintain our gut microbiome and endothelium layer. But only do it if you want to live a long healthy life.